1. For all these questions see Gait’s superb General Report of the 1911 Census, I, 377 ff. 2. Census Report, 1901, III; Report of Blackwood, IV. 3. The figures will be discussed later. 4. Blunt in the Census Report of 1911 reports for the United Provinces and Oudh (Ancient classical soil of Hinduism!), pp. 233 whence the above experts. 5. For example, by McGregor in the Census Report of 1911 for Bombay, VII, 200. 6. The existence of village committees suggesting the panchayat and deciding legal questions seems sufficiently substantiated for classical times; Cf. Mann Samh. XII, 1087. 7. Budhayana’s Sacred Books of the East, 1, 5, 9, 1. 8. Budhayana, 1, 5, 9, 3. Mines and all workshops except distilleries of alcohol are ritually clean. 9. The relations of the Indian sects and salvation religions to the banking and commercial circles of India will be discussed later. 10. Cf. Census Report for Bengal (1911) concerning the training for commerce among the Baniyas. 11. These figures are from the 1911 Census. 12. V. Delden, Die Indische Jute-Industrie, (1915), p. 96. 13. V. Delden, Ibid., 114-25. 14. там же., 86. 15. там же, 179. 16. See S. Boyer, Journal Asiatique, (1901) Serie 18. Concerning "repeated deaths" see especially H. Oldenberg, Die Lehre der Upani-shaden und die Anfange des Buddhismus. (Gottingen, 1915.) 17. V. Delden, Ibid., 1915. 18. As late as the twelfth century the ethnic boundary between Arians and Dravids at the Intravati is expressed in the different languages of the inscriptions. The administration retained the division. Yet, a place for people "who came from everywhere," hence represented an ethnic mixture was granted for a temple, Epigraphia Indica, Vol. IX, p. 313. 19. See the Census Report for Bengal, (1911), Fart I, par. 958, p. 495.